We are glad to present to you our company "PELLETUS - Ukraine".
The company was founded in 2005. Woodworking is our
main bussines. Our manufacturing line is located in Kiev (Ukraine).
Our new production line of wood pellets is started
in 2008. The presence of own raw no bark materials garantee high quality
of oue product.
We ship our firewood by railway cars from our
warehouse. We can deliver to national boundary of Unraine or to railway
station of the buyer.
We are interested in a long term contructs with customers in European countries.
Wood pellets (pellets ) - biofuels, derived from peat , wood waste and agricultural waste . Is a cylindrical pellets of standard size.
Production of fuel pellets began in 1947
The raw material for the pro ducti on of pellets can be peat, the book ( poor quality ), wood and wood waste : bark , sawdust , wood chips and other waste timber and agricultural waste : waste corn , straw , waste mill products , sunflower husks , chicken manure , etc. etc.
technology of pro duct ion
Raw materials (sawdust , bark , etc. ) is fed to the crusher where it is crushed to the point of flour. The resulting mass enters the dryer of it - in a pellet press where the wood flour is compressed into pellets . During compression increases the temperature of material compacts , the lignin contained in the wood softens and adheres to the dense particles cylinder . The prod uct ion of one ton of pellets takes about 7 cubic meters of wood waste.
The final pellets are cooled and packed in different packages - from small packets ( 2-20 kg) to big bags (large industrial packaging ) weighing up to 1 ton - or delivered to the consumer in bulk .
Torrefitsirovannye ( burned without oxygen ) pellets
When torrefikatsii solid biomass is burned without oxygen at a temperature of 200-330 º C. Torrefitsirovannye or biougolnye ( black ) , pellets have several advantages over conventional , otherwise called white :
Repel moisture, can be stored in the open air , that is, do not require a covered storage
Do not rot, musty , do not swell and disintegrate
Perform better combustion ( similar to coal . Hence the name - biochar )
Advantages and disadvantages
This section lacks reference to its source.
Information must be verifiable , otherwise it can be challenged and removed.
You can edit this article by adding citations to reliable sources .
This mark is set March 20, 2013 .
Fuel pellets - an environmentally friendly fuel with an ash content of less than 3 %. In the pro ducti on of pellets are mainly used sawmill waste and agriculture, which had previously been largely disposed of in landfills and rot , and after a few years began to burn or smolder .
However, if growth in raw environment contains toxins or radioactive substance, the combustion of these substances granules may be dispersed into the atmosphere.
Since not contain dust and spores , granules and less susceptible to self-ignition does not cause allergic reactions in humans.
The granules are different from ordinary wood high dry (moisture content of 8-12 %, and wet wood humidity - 30-50 %) and higher - about half - density than wood . These characteristics provide a high calorific value as compared with the wood chips or - combustion ODP granules released approximately 3500 kWh of heat, and half times more than conventional wood.
Low moisture content - is an advantage , not only as a fuel pellet but also the problem of pr odu ction. Drying may be one of the major cost in the prod uct ion of fuels from waste wood . Furthermore , depending on the prod uctio n , collection , sorting and cleaning materials may also incur additional costs. The drying process is important to carefully plan that will reduce the risks associated with the quality of the finished product, its cost of produ cti on and the risk of fire . The best option is the pr oduct ion of biofuels from dry chips .
One of the major advantages of pellets - high and constant bulk density, which allows relatively easy to transport this bulk product over long distances. Due to the right shape, small size and homogenous product granules can pour through a special sleeve that allows you to automate the process of loading and unloading and also burning of the fuel .
For efficient use of fuel pellets requires a special type of furnace : pellet boiler .
Quality and Standards
The quality and appearance of granules depends on the raw material and production technology. Wood pellets with a high content of bark are usually dark in color , and the pellets from debarked wood - light . In the pro duct ion process - for example, by drying - granules may slightly " scorch " and if they are from white to gray . Although it is not always affects consumer qualities such as granules calorific value, ash content , strength and abrasion but can lead to the formation of fine dust during transportation due to friction of granules to each other.
Different countries have adopted different standards for the production of fuel pellets .
In the USA the Standard Regulations & Standards for Pellets in the US: The PFI (pellet).
Standard allowed the production of granules of two types : " Premium" and "Standard" . "Premium" shall contain not more than 1% ash, and "Standard" no more than 3 %. "Premium" can be used for heating any building . At grade "Premium" account for about 95% of the granules in the United States. Sort of "standard" includes a greater amount of bark or agricultural waste . The standards define the density , grain sizes , moisture, dust and other substances. In U.S. pellets can not be more than 1 ½ inches in length , the diameter of the granules should be in the range of ¼ inch to 5 1/ 16 inch .
In Germany, pellets DIN 51731 standard adopted .
Length - not more than 5 cm , diameter - from 4 to 10 mm. Humidity is not more than 12 % dust content less than 0.5% , etc.
In Austria - Standard ONORM M 7135 .
United Kingdom - The British BioGen Code of Practice for biofuel (pellets).
Switzerland - SN 166000 .
Sweden - SS 187120 .
In Russia - the standard for wood pellets was not. Producers in Russia is mainly based on the German DIN +
Wood pellets are of high quality ( white and gray ) are used for heating homes by burning in pellet boilers , furnaces and fireplaces . They tend to be 6-8 mm in diameter and a length less than 50 mm. In Europe, they are often sold in 15-20 kg bags .
Demand for wood briquettes and pellets , equipment for incineration and p roduc tion increases in proportion to the prices for traditional fuels such as oil and gas. In some European countries , where the market for alternative energy sources is most developed , granules heated up two thirds of residential premises. This accounts for the wide distribution of this type of environmentally friendly fuels - CO2 emissions from the combustion of equal absorption of the gas during the growth of the tree , and NO2 emissions and volatile organic compounds significantly reduced through the use of advanced combustion technologies .
Dark granules with high content of bark is burned in boilers more power to produce heat and electricity for settlements and industrial enterprises. Dark granules may be of larger diameter. They are sold in bulk batches of two or three thousand tons or more.
pr oduc tion
In the United States in early 2008, the pro duct ion of fuel pellets employing more than 80 companies . They produce about 1.1 millio n to ns of pellets per year . In 2008, the U.S. has sold about 2 million to n s o f pellets .  More than 600 thousand buildings are heated granules. More than 20 companies manufacture boilers, furnaces , boilers and other equipment for burning pellets.
In Finland, in 2005 the domestic sector consumed 70 t ons o f pellets. Biofuels heated by about 7 thousand buildings. "Road Map - 2010" in Finland plans to produce by 2010 1.1 mi llion ton s of pellets.
In 2005, Canada exported 582.5 thousand to n s o f pellets. Total in Canada in 2008 produced about 1.3 mil lion tons. Plants for the pr oduction of granules located mainly on the coast. The plant, located on the west coast of Canada to produce pellets from softwood : spruce , pine. East Coast refineries produce granules of semolina : oak , maple , cherry , etc.
All the pellets produced in North America are made from the dried residue of waste wood processing pr od uction : wood chips , sawdust , wood chips . Only two plants added to the granules bark .
The largest producers in the European Union in 2008: Sweden - 1.7 milli on t ons , Germany - 900 thousand tons, Austria - 800,000 tons.
Latvia is actively developing the producti on of biofuels. In particular, in August 2012 launched the country's largest refinery with a capacity of 175-200 thousand t ons o f pellets per year.
Worldwide, the prod ucti on of wood pellets in 2008 was 10.8 mi llion t ons.
In 2009 in Europe , there were about 650 factories producing wood pellets , which produced over 10 mil lion ton s of this producti on.
In 2011, Europe produced around 15 mill ion to n s of pellets . [7 ]
In Russia in 2008, was produced 500-600 to ns o f wood pellets , wood pellets pro du ction established 150 enterprises in different regions of the country.
In 2009 produced about 960,000 t on s o f fuel pellets . Domestically, used about 260,000 tons.
In 2010, Russia had issued about 1 m ill ion to ns of wood pellets and husk . Most of them were exported to Europe. Moreover, if the pellets are basically buying the Scandinavian countries , as well as central and northern Europe , the Russian husk pellets buy only the United Kingdom and Poland .
According to UN estimates, Russia's annual prod uct ion of wood pellets in 2011 was 750 thousand tons, of which 600 tons were exported .
In 2011 OJSC " Vyborg Cellulose " (the village Soviet , Leningrad Region) has launched the world's largest plant for the prod uct ion of wood pellets . Output will have to make one million tonnes of pellets per year.
The plans, forecasts, prospects
In the early summer of 2010, Wageningen University presented a study in the field of biofuels. In the next 25 years, according to the study , the demand for wood pellets in Europe will increase to 200 milli on ton s a year. Through the port of Rotterdam will be 13-20 m illion to ns of pellets per year. In July 2010, the Port of Rotterdam g.administratsiya announced a joint project with the Anglo -Dutch energy exchange APX-ENDEX [ 12] to establish the exchange of biofuels.
By 2020, China intends to produce 50 m ill ion ton s of pellets per year.
UK planned for 2010, to the consumption of wood pellets up to 600 thousand tons.
In 2010, the company " Russian wood pellets ", the chairman of the board of directors of which is the former head of the Federal Forestry Agency Valery Roschupkin , announced plans to build plants for the pr odu ction of wood pellets in 13 regions of Russia with a total capacity of more than 2.5 mi lli on to ns of pellets [ 13].
In 2012, the "Group of companies" Russian biochar "announced the program of building 52 plants in Russia with total capacity to 10 m illi on ton s of pellets per year , including 9 pellet plants torrefitsirovannyh company intends to build in the suburbs.
In the period 2013-2014, . on the Ukrainian domestic market demand for solid biofuels will increase by 2 times - up to 570 thousand tons , or 20 % to 40 % of the total Ukrainian enterprises produced products. This forecast is presented in an analytical report on the market of solid biofuels in Eastern Europe , prepared IBCentre. At the end of 2012 , Ukraine produced 1.43 million tonnes (pellets and briquettes from wood , sunflower husks and straw) . Prod uc tion forecast for 2013 - 1.45 million tons, in 2014 - 1.5 million tons. The key factors in the growth of domestic consumption of biofuels in Ukraine are the development of a segment of heat and electricity generation from biomass , as well as a sharp reduction in the consumption of biofuels Polish power plants are the main buyers of Ukrainian fuel pellets from wood and agricultural raw materials ( sunflower husks ) last 7 years. In particular, according to IBCentre, in 2013 , the Polish government decided to cut subsidies for thermal power plants . As a result of biofuel consumption in Poland in the second quarter of 2013 decreased by half . Also in Poland, there was a collapse of the market " green certificates " . As a result , the prices of energy products on the Polish domestic market fell by 20-25 % - up to 95-100 euros per tonne, which almost corresponds to the cost of pr oduct ion for many Ukrainian pro ducti on of solid biofuels. At the same time , in the Ukraine in 2013 , the prices of raw materials for biofuels has increased by an average of 15-20 %. Faced with the deterioration in external markets , many Ukrainian producers reoriented supply of biofuels in the domestic market , starting to develop their own line of thermal generation . Also, due to operating in Ukraine " green" tariff for electricity produced from biomass ( 12.39 cents per 1 kWh) , the country began to develop a segment of power generation from biomass. In particular , as of August 20, 2013 the total installed capacity of boiler houses on biofuel in Ukraine amounted to 84 MW , an increase for the period January -August of this year by 31% , the total power generation capacity of the biomass was 7 MW ( +20 %). According to forecasts IBCentre, until the end of 2013 the total capacity of biofuel boiler will increase by 20 % , power plants - by 80 %. Also , many industries , such as oil extraction plants , brick and cement manufacturers are actively introducing technology substitution of natural gas with alternative fuels , in particular, crushed sunflower . In particular, in the 1st half of 2013 due to the use of biofuels listed companies reduced gas consumption by 110 million cubic meters . A detailed report on the status and prospects of each segment of the biofuels market in Ukraine will be presented IBCentre specialized seminar on " How to make money in the new stage of development of solid biofuel market of Ukraine" , which will be held October 16, 2013 in the framework of the 5th International Forum on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency REF - 2013 Kyiv (15-16 October 2013 , Congress Centre NSK " Olympic" ) . The participants of the seminar will be the manufacturers , traders and operators developerty boilers and CHP biomass .